• Silicone – a synthetic polymer that when used as a gel has been clinically proven to improve the appearance of scars

  • Hydration – increase in water content of the skin

  • Occlusion – covering of the skin to prevent air or water vapour from entering or leaving

  • Collagen – a protein that is the principal structural component of skin, overproduction of which leads to scarring

  • Tone – when used in the context of skin, means the suppleness and elasticity of the skin

  • Hypertrophic scar – a scar that is raised above the surface of the surrounding skin

  • Keloid scar – a very raised, unsightly mass of fibrous scar tissue